Climate Change Education
Climate Change in China
Challenges in reducing greenhouse gases:
1) With coal currently providing roughly 70 % of China’s energy, changing energy sources will be long and difficult process.
2) China is in a stage of heavy industrialization leading to huge increases in the amounts of energy consumed by industry.
3) The rate of urbanization in China is increasing (the annual average population growth has increased by 3.2% in the past decade).
4) Chinese society is becoming more car dependant; with 219 million cars on the roads pollution is becoming more severe and the pressure on fuel supplies is growing.
Effects of Climate Change in China
1) In the past 50 years, glacial areas in western China have retreated by 21% leading to an increased number of forest fires, plant diseases, pests as well as unpredictable seasonal changes, posing a serious threat to biodiversity.
2) As the glaciers continue to melt, communities living in mountainous regions are at risk of severe flooding, and millions of people dependent on the drinking water of glacier-fed rivers are already suffering shortages.
3) As a result of intensified desertification, grasslands are decreasing, crop yields are declining and animal husbandry is becoming increasingly difficult.
4) Coastal ecosystems have come under growing threat, as the sea levels rise causing typhoons and flooding, the storms are more commonplace, and the rainfall distribution patterns are less and less stable.
5) With China’s population predicted to increase to 1.6 billion by 2030, water resources per capita will drop to 1760 cubic metres, causing one of the most serious water crises worldwide.
Currently, both governmental and non-governmental agencies in China are taking measures to efficiently reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This includes the publication of a national climate change response plan, transforming economic growth and implementing green travel & transport measures. Moreover, there is an increasing need for effective climate change adaptation strategies to reduce the impact of ongoing climate fluctuation.
This post is also available in: Chinese (Simplified)